ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH

ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH
ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH (fl. 11th century), liturgical poet in Bari, southern Italy. He was one of the most prolific poets of the Italian school. He composed about 40 seliḥot, most of them strophic, which have remained in manuscripts and old editions; some were included in the German-Polish ritual. Y. David, who prepared a critical edition of Elijah's piyyutim (1977), commented also on their sources, meaning, and characteristics. The subject matter is mostly a variation of the same theme: grief over present misery of Israel in exile and trust in God's help. Some of his poems allude to cruel persecutions in his time, and he refers to the enemies of Israel with many allegorical names. Stylistically, the poems resemble the seliḥot of his contemporary solomon ha-bavli , who was probably his master, but the language is more stereotyped. Zunz made a special study of his language and style. Elijah's signature is, among others, preserved in a responsum of Samuel b. Natronai. In the past scholars underlined the lack of depth and originality of this kind of piyyutim and the obscurity of the language. More recently, scholars have come to have a much higher opinion of the quality of Ben Shemaiah's seliḥot, considering him an excellent spokesperson of the Jewish community of Bari in its historical situation and a good representative of the literary tendencies of the epoch with his own individuality. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Zunz, Vortraege, 406; Zunz, Lit. Poesie, 139, 244ff.; 616ff.; Landshuth, Ammudei, 17; Michael, Or, no. 412; Elbogen, Gottesdienst, 333; H. Brody and M. Wiener, Mivḥar ha-Shirah ha-Ivrit (1922), 233ff.; Schirmann, Italia, 41–47; A.M. Habermann, Be-Ron Yaḥad (1945), 105–7; A. Mirsky, Yalkut ha-Piyyutim (1958), 264ff.; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 362; Roth, Dark Ages, 180, 258–9. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. David (ed.), Piyyuṭei Eliyah Bar-Shemaiah (1977); B. Bar-Tikva, in: Sinai, 83, 1–2 (1978), 92–94. (Jefim (Hayyim) Schirmann / Angel Sáenz-Badillos (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KROCH, JACOB LEIB BEN SHEMAIAH — (1819–1898), talmudic scholar descended from a distinguished Prague family whose name was Korch. Kroch was born in Rawicz in Prussia (now Poland). In his youth he studied at the local yeshivah under Aaron Joshua Elijah b. Solomon who had been… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elijah — This article is about the prophet in the Hebrew Bible. For other uses, see Elijah (disambiguation). Prophet Elijah Elijah reviving the Son of the Widow of Zarephath by Louis Hersent Prophet, Apostle to Ah …   Wikipedia

  • List of minor biblical figures — This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections. This literature related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Contents: A B C D …   Wikipedia

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses — For other uses, see Moses (disambiguation). Moses Moses …   Wikipedia

  • LETTERS AND LETTER WRITERS — The letter holds an honored place in Jewish history and literature and includes diplomatic correspondence, state papers, and letters as vehicles of religious or secular literature and as a means of polemics in communal and spiritual matters,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Obadiah — For other uses, see Obadiah (disambiguation). This article is about the prophet attributed to being the author of the Book of Obadiah. Obadiah (pronounced /ˌoʊbə …   Wikipedia

  • Moses in rabbinic literature — Rabbinic Literature Talmudic literature Mishnah • Tosefta Jerusalem Talmud • Babylonian Talmud Minor tractates Halakhic Midrash Mekhilta de Rabbi Yishmael (Exodus) Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon (Exodus) Sifra (Leviticus) Sifre (Numbers Deuteronomy)… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish Schisms — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”